Dietary carbohydrates: role of quality and quantity in chronic disease

Would reduction in total carbohydrate intake (currently typically 45-65% of total energy) help control body weight in general population and susceptible subgroups? What is the role of a low carbohydrate diet in prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and in management of type 1 diabetes? Does ketosis induced by severe carbohydrate […]

Read More »

Exercise for cognitive brain health in aging

We systematically appraised randomized controlled trials proposing exercise to influence cognition in older adults to (1) assess the methodologic quality using Cochrane criteria; (2) describe various exercise dose measures and assess their relationship with improved cognitive performance; and (3) identify consistent patterns of reported effects on cognition. There was overall good methodologic quality in all […]

Read More »

Walk After Meals Is More Effective for Lowering Postprandial Glycaemia in Type 2 Diabetes

Regular physical activity is a cornerstone of diabetes management. We conducted a study to evaluate whether specifying the timing of walking in relation to meals enhances the benefits conferred by current physical activity guidelines. A total of 41 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (mean ± SD age 60 ± 9.9 years; mean diabetes duration 10 years) participated in this randomised, […]

Read More »

Exercise Training Improves the Insulin Sensitivity

It is not known whether the beneficial effects of exercise training on insulin sensitivity are due to changes in hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity or whether the changes in insulin sensitivity can be explained by adaptive changes in fatty acid metabolism, changes in visceral fat or changes in liver and muscle triacylglycerol content. We investigated […]

Read More »

The Battle of the Diets: Is Anyone Winning (At Losing?)

The case for low-carbohydrate diets is gaining weight. Christopher Gardner, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at the Stanford Prevention Research Center, has completed the largest and longest-ever comparison of four popular diets using real-world conditions, which he discusses – the lowest-carbohydrate Atkins diet came out on top.

Read More »

Breast Cancer Risk in Metabolically Healthy but Overweight Postmenopausal Women

Adiposity is an established risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer. Recent data suggest that high insulin levels in overweight women may play a major role in this relationship, due to insulin’s mitogenic/antiapoptotic activity. However, whether overweight women who are metabolically healthy (i.e., normal insulin sensitivity) have elevated risk of breast cancer is unknown. We investigated […]

Read More »

What is Metabolic Syndrome, and Why are Children Getting It?

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pre.ssure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. In the US about a quarter of the adult population has metabolic syndrome, and the prevalence increases […]

Read More »

Effects of Dietary and Exercise Intervention on Weight Loss and Body Composition in Obese Postmenopausal Women

This study examined the effects of dietary and exercise interventions on weight loss and body composition in overweight/obese peri- and postmenopausal women. Medline, Central, Embase, and Google Scholar databases were searched for relevant trials conducted until December 31, 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective studies of overweight/obese peri- or postmenopausal women that examined the […]

Read More »

Woman Followed a Keto Diet and Lost 100 Pounds

Elena Juarez punched and food-prepped her way to losing 100 pounds. But her weight-loss journeykicked off with a serious health scare. On her own, Juarez started following a paleo-friendly diet challenge that included kickboxing That’s when she heard about the ketogenic diet. Six weeks later, she adopted the trendy high-fat, low-carb plan. One hundred lost pounds later, she credits going keto and sticking with kickboxing for […]

Read More »