The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a diet lower in carbohydrate would lead to greater improvement in glycemic control over a 24-week period in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes […]

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Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets

Very-low-carbohydrate diets or ketogenic diets have been in use since the 1920s as a therapy for epilepsy and can, in some cases, completely remove the need for medication. From the 1960s onwards they have become widely known as one of the most common methods for obesity treatment. Recent work over the last decade or so […]

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Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients

Although various studies have examined the short-term effects of a ketogenic diet in reducing weight in obese patients, its long-term effects on various physical and biochemical parameters are not known. To determine the effects of a 24-week ketogenic diet (consisting of 30 g carbohydrate, 1 g/kg body weight protein, 20% saturated fat, and 80% polyunsaturated […]

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Twelve-Month Outcomes of A Randomized Trial of A Moderate-Carbohydrate Versus Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet in Overweight Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or Prediabetes

Dietary treatment is important in management of type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, but uncertainty exists about the optimal diet. We randomized adults (n = 34) with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) > 6.0% and elevated body weight (BMI > 25) to a very low-carbohydrate ketogenic (LCK) diet (n = 16) or a moderate-carbohydrate, calorie-restricted, low-fat (MCCR) diet (n = 18). All participants were encouraged to be physically […]

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Associations between Adipokines and Obesity-Related Cancer

The majority of breast cancers require action of oestrogens for their growth and progression. In addition, leptin in excess may also contribute to the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Vona-Davies and Rose summarises the contradictory results found in case-control studies (one of which was nested within a prospective study), with 3/10 showing positive correlations (55). More […]

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Not getting enough sleep seems to be even more deadly than we thought, new studies show

A trio of new studies show that too little or too much sleep is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.  Sleeping less than five hours per night raises the risk for a heart attack or stroke by about the same degree as smoking does, according one study in older men. This adds to a significant body of evidence that […]

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Heart attacks at strokes ‘set to soar 30% due to diabetes epidemic’

Patients with type 2 diabetes were two to four times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke, the British Heart Foundation said,  Heart attacks and strokes will rocket over the coming years as the diabetes epidemic sweeping the nation takes its toll, a charity has warned. The increase could be as high as […]

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Children as young as NINE suffering from diabetes as cases also soar among teens

Children as young as nine are being treated for type 2 diabetes in a devastating consequence of the obesity crisis. Doctors are reporting a surge in cases among children and teenagers – whereas 20 years ago the illness had only ever been seen in adults. A national audit shows the number of under-25s being treated for […]

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What Is Intermittent Fasting And Is It Actually Good For You?

TIME Magazine just published an in-depth article on Intermittent Fasting! A few highlights: – Good evidence that intermittent fasting is producing weight-loss benefits, can reduce inflammation, reduce blood pressure and resting heart rate, and have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. – Studies comparing IF to traditional calorie-cutting diets have found that people lose more […]

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Juice Is Terrible for Children

Quick: think back to childhood (if you’ve reached the scary clown you’ve gone too far). What did your parents or guardians give you to keep you quiet? If you’re anything like most parents, it was juice. But here’s the thing: juice is bad for you. According to pediatric professors Erika R. Cheng, Lauren G. Fiechtner and Aaron E. Carroll, […]

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