Sweetening of The Global Diet

Evidence suggests that excessive intake of added sugars has adverse effects on cardiometabolic health, which is consistent with many reviews and consensus reports from WHO and other unbiased sources. 74% of products in the US food supply contain caloric or low-calorie sweeteners, or both. Of all packaged foods and beverages purchased by a nationally representative […]

AMA advocates for transparency in food labeling and packaging

The American Medical Association (AMA) adopted new policy today aimed at increasing consumer awareness of the amount of added sugars, as well as the type of allergens, in food products. Specifically, the AMA is urging the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to develop front-of-package warning labels for foods that are high in added sugars […]

Genetic Susceptibility for Childhood BMI has no Impact on Weight Loss Following Lifestyle Intervention

This study aimed to investigate the effect of a genetic risk score (GRS) comprising 15 single‐nucleotide polymorphisms, previously shown to associate with childhood BMI, on the baseline cardiometabolic traits and the response to a lifestyle intervention in Danish children and adolescents. Methods Children and adolescents with overweight or obesity (n = 920) and a population‐based control sample […]

Estimation of Global Insulin Use for Type 2 Diabetes, 2018–30

The amount of insulin needed to effectively treat type 2 diabetes worldwide is unknown. It also remains unclear how alternative treatment algorithms would affect insulin use and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) averted by insulin use, given that current access to insulin (availability and affordability) in many areas is low. The aim of this study was to […]

Association Between Obesity and Cardiovascular Outcomes

Do mendelian randomization data show that an association exists between obesity and cardiovascular outcomes? In this systematic review and meta-analysis of nearly 1 million participants, obesity was associated with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease but not with stroke. Obesity may increase the risk of subsequent diabetes and may contribute to cardiovascular outcomes and […]

Taking Steps to Better Health

Besides cardiovascular health, the established physical benefits of walking at a moderate pace (about three miles per hour) include: Lessened cancer risk Reduced mental decline, including dementia Lowered chance of heart disease Improved joint function Stronger bones Reduced risk for diabetes Energy boost The benefits of walking extend to mental perks as well. Walking increases the release of […]

Sitting Is The New Smoking

An alien visitor to our planet would be perplexed by modern human life, not least our relationship with physical exertion. After 6 million years of hunter-gatherer existence, humans can be observed sheltering in warm rooms, counteracting the tiresome effects of earth’s gravity by slouching on comfortable seats in front of glowing screens, being whisked effortlessly […]

Worldwide Obesity Dynamics and Their Determinants

Review of results of the study is focusing on large-scale surveys and nationally representative studies of diet, activity, and obesity among adults and children. The study was conducted with youth and adults from a range of countries around the world. Task Force guidelines for defining overweight and obesity are used for youth and the body […]

Neighborhoods and Obesity

This review critically summarizes the literature on neighborhood determinants of obesity and proposes a conceptual framework to guide future inquiry. Thirty-seven studies met all inclusion criteria and revealed that the influence of neighborhood-level factors appears mixed. Neighborhood-level measures of economic resources were associated with obesity in 15 studies, while the associations between neighborhood income inequality […]

Brain Evolution, the Determinates of Food Choice, and the Omnivore’s Dilemma

A coevolutionary paradigm using a biocultural perspective can help to unravel the complex interactions that led to the contemporary pattern of eating. Evolutionary history helps to understand the adaptation of diet and its nutritional implications. Anatomical and behavioral changes linked to changing dietary patterns in the Paleolithic resulted in an adaptive framework that affects modern […]