Ketogenic diet as a metabolic therapy for mood disorders: Evidence and developments

Despite significant advances in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, mood disorders remain a significant source of mental capital loss, with high rates of treatment resistance, requiring a coordinated effort in investigation and development of efficient, tolerable and accessible novel interventions. Ketogenic diet (KD) is a low-carb diet that substantially changes the energetic matrix of the body […]

The ketogenic diet as a potential treatment and prevention strategy for Alzheimer’s disease

The prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease, a chronic neurodegenerative condition, is increasing as is the need for effective treatments and preventions. The underlying pathology of Alzheimer’s is not yet fully understood, so existing research has focused on understanding the prominent features of the disease. These include amyloid plaques, which accumulate in the brains of those with […]

Timing of food intake is more potent than habitual voluntary exercise to prevent diet-induced obesity in mice

Inappropriate eating habits such as eating late at night are associated with risk for abnormal weight-gain and adiposity. We previously reported that time-imposed feeding during the daytime (inactive phase) induces obesity and metabolic disorders accompanied by physical inactivity in mice. The present study compares metabolic changes induced in mice by time-imposed feeding under voluntary wheel-running […]

Yale-led study finds surprise link between metabolism and immunity

In the search for obesity treatments, scientists recently zeroed in on a gene known as Nucleobindin-2 (Nucb2), which was believed to play a role in satiety. However, in a new study published in Cell Reports, Yale researchers uncovered an unexpected function for the gene in reducing inflammation. To better understand the role of Nucb2, a research […]

Effects of a low carbohydrate diet on energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance

Study is based on 64 adults aged 18-65 years adults, with a body mass index of 25 or more. IAfter 12% (within 2%) weight loss on a run-in diet, participants were randomly assigned to one of three test diets according to carbohydrate content (high, 60%, n=54; moderate, 40%, n=53; or low, 20%, n=57) for 20 […]

Two Type 2 Diabetes Drugs Linked to Higher Risk of Heart Disease

Are second-line antidiabetic medications (ADMs) associated with cardiovascular events among insured adult patients with type 2 diabetes who are initiating second-line therapy? This cohort study of 132 737 adults with type 2 diabetes found that glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors, and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors were associated with similar cardiovascular outcomes. Sulfonylureas […]

‘Therapeutic Fasting – Solving the Two-Compartment Problem’

Intermittent fasting is the ancient secret of health. It is ancient because it has been practiced throughout all of human history. It’s a secret because this powerful habit has been virtually forgotten. But now many people are re-discovering this dietary intervention. It can carry huge benefits if it is done right: weight loss, increased energy, […]

Deaths Attributable to Diabetes in the United States: Comparison of Data Sources and Estimation Approaches

We estimated population attributable fractions (PAF) for cohorts aged 30–84 who were surveyed in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) between 1997 and 2009 (N = 282,322) and in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2010 (N = 21,814). Cohort members were followed prospectively for mortality through 2011. We identified […]

The Pathways of Insulin Resistance: Exposure and Implications

Ivor Cummins originally completed a Chemical Engineering degree in 1990 (Biochemical Stream, BE(Chem) CEng MIEI), followed by over 25 years in corporate technical leadership and management positions. Ivor’s particular specialty was leading teams in complex problem-solving scenarios. Following less-than-ideal blood test results, he was unable to get solutions from the doctors he consulted. He thus […]

Sugar’s Sick Secrets

Walk into any grocery store, grab a few packaged products, and flip to the ingredients. You’ll likely spot added sugars  –  lots of them  –  provided you can discern their dizzying array of names: sucrose, dextrose, barley malt, agave nectar, high-fructose corn syrup, treacle, to list just a few. Why is our food saturated with […]