Ketogenic Diet Shows Promising Results for All Dementia Stages

Studies show a ketogenic diet can slow and even reverse symptoms of memory loss and cognitive impairment throughout all the dementia stages. You might be asking, “What is a ketogenic diet?” A ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that produces ketones—compounds the body can use to produce energy. Ketones have been shown in studies […]

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Evaluation of the Concurrent Trajectories of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in the 14 Years Before Dementia

Cardiometabolic risk factors have been associated with an increased risk of dementia; yet, the optimal targets and time window for the management of cardiometabolic health to prevent dementia remain unknown. OTo model concurrently and compare the trajectories of cardiometabolic risk factors up to 14 years preceding diagnosis in individuals with dementia and matched controls free […]

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Estimation of Global Insulin Use for Type 2 Diabetes, 2018–30

The amount of insulin needed to effectively treat type 2 diabetes worldwide is unknown. It also remains unclear how alternative treatment algorithms would affect insulin use and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) averted by insulin use, given that current access to insulin (availability and affordability) in many areas is low. The aim of this study was to […]

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Worldwide Obesity Dynamics and Their Determinants

Review of results of the study is focusing on large-scale surveys and nationally representative studies of diet, activity, and obesity among adults and children. The study was conducted with youth and adults from a range of countries around the world. Task Force guidelines for defining overweight and obesity are used for youth and the body […]

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Neighborhoods and Obesity

This review critically summarizes the literature on neighborhood determinants of obesity and proposes a conceptual framework to guide future inquiry. Thirty-seven studies met all inclusion criteria and revealed that the influence of neighborhood-level factors appears mixed. Neighborhood-level measures of economic resources were associated with obesity in 15 studies, while the associations between neighborhood income inequality […]

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Obesity: From the Agricultural Revolution to the Contemporary Pediatric Epidemic

Obesity is pandemic in Western society. Currently, approximately 100 million Americans are overweight (body mass index > 25 kg/m2) or obese (body mass index > 30 kg/m2). The pandemic is largely attributable to the relatively recent (from an evolutionary perspective) adoption of a sedentary lifestyle, coupled with the high availability of foods with high caloric […]

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Costs of Foraging Predispose Animals to Obesity-Related Mortality when Food Is Constantly Abundant.

Obesity is an important medical problem affecting humans and animals in the developed world, but the evolutionary origins of the behaviours that cause obesity are poorly understood. The potential role of occasional gluts of food in determining fat-storage strategies for avoiding mortality have been overlooked, even though animals experienced such conditions in the recent evolutionary […]

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Obesity and Overweight

Key facts Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese. 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese. Most of the world’s population live in countries where overweight […]

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The Case for Dietary Fat

For decades, dietary advice was based on the premise that high intakes of fat cause obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and possibly cancer. Recently, evidence for the adverse metabolic effects of processed carbohydrate has led to a resurgence in interest in lower-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets with high fat content. However, some argue that the relative quantity […]

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Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet on Energy Expenditure During Weight Loss Maintenancel

Objective  of the study was to determine the effects of diets varying in carbohydrate to fat ratio on total energy expenditure. The study was done with a multicenter collaboration at US two sites, August 2014 to May 2017.  164 adults aged 18-65 years with a body mass index of 25 or more participated to the study After 12% […]

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