Evaluation of the Concurrent Trajectories of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in the 14 Years Before Dementia

Cardiometabolic risk factors have been associated with an increased risk of dementia; yet, the optimal targets and time window for the management of cardiometabolic health to prevent dementia remain unknown. To model concurrently and compare the trajectories of cardiometabolic risk factors up to 14 years preceding diagnosis in individuals with dementia and matched controls free […]

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Metabolic Syndrome Highly Prevalent Even in Very Young Kids

Over 25% of 6-year-olds had at least one risk factor in study Over a quarter of young children in a study had abnormal metabolic profiles, researchers reported. In a cohort of 212 Swedish children around 6 years old, 26% possessed at least one of the criteria for metabolic syndrome — including hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, […]

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Forecasting Life Expectancy

Understanding potential trajectories in health and drivers of health is crucial to guiding long-term investments and policy implementation. Past work on forecasting has provided an incomplete landscape of future health scenarios, highlighting a need for a more robust modelling platform from which policy options and potential health trajectories can be assessed. This study provides a […]

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Cellular recycling process is key to longer, healthier life

Building on two decades of research, investigators at UT Southwestern have determined that “cellular housekeeping” can extend the lifespan and healthspan of mammals. A study jointly led by Drs. Salwa Sebti and Álvaro Fernández, postdoctoral researchers in the Center for Autophagy Research, found that mice with persistently increased levels of autophagy – the process a cell uses […]

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A Nine-Year Collaboration Has Just Shown How Sugar Influences Cancer Cell Growth

There’s a long-known relationship between cancer and sugar, but figuring out exactly how it works has proven elusive. Now, thanks to a nine-year research project, scientists have made a breakthrough. They’ve narrowed down the mechanism whereby cancer cells metabolise sugar. The focus of the new research was on a metabolic effect that has been understood for over […]

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Current rates of diagnosed type 1 and type 2 diabetes in American adults

A new study from the University of Iowa finds that type 2 diabetes remains overwhelmingly the most common type of diabetes diagnosed in American adults who have the disease. The study found that 8.5 percent of American adults have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and .5 percent with type 1 diabetes. Among those who […]

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The Link Between Metabolism and Immunity

In the search for obesity treatments, scientists recently zeroed in on a gene known as Nucleobindin-2 (Nucb2), which was believed to play a role in satiety. However, in a new study published in Cell Reports, Yale researchers uncovered an unexpected function for the gene in reducing inflammation. To better understand the role of Nucb2, a research […]

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An Update on Glucose Toxicity

Chronic exposure of glucose rich environment creates several physiological and pathophysiological changes. There are several pathways by which hyperglycemia exacerbate its toxic effect on cells, tissues and organ systems. Hyperglycemia can induce oxidative stress, upsurge polyol pathway, activate protein kinase C (PKC), enhance hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP), promote the formation of advanced glycation end-products(AGEs) and finally alters gene expressions. Prolonged hyperglycemic condition leads to severe diabetic condition by […]

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Obesity and cancer risk: the role of the insulin–IGF axis

Accumulating epidemiological evidence shows that being either overweight or obese, in other words having excess body weight (EBW), is associated with an increased risk of several, common, adult cancers. The molecular mechanisms that underlie these associations are not understood fully, but insulin resistance is likely to be important. The insulin–cancer hypothesis postulates that chronic hyperinsulinemia is associated with decreased […]

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