Stress Causes People to Overeat

There is much truth behind the phrase “stress eating.” Stress, the hormones it unleashes, and the effects of high-fat, sugary “comfort foods” push people toward overeating. Researchers have linked weight gain to stress, and according to an American Psychological Association survey, about one-fourth of Americans rate their stress level as 8 or more on a […]

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Forget Calories, Focus on Food Quality

Professor in the Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. chan School of Public Health and author of Always Hungry? Conquer Cravings, Retrain Your Fat Cells & Lose Weight Permanently Harvard Public Health: Off the Cuff: David S. Ludwig Q: What is the ideal New Year’s resolution for losing weight? A: Forget calories, focus on food quality, […]

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“A Calorie Is A Calorie”

The principle of “a calorie is a calorie,” that weight change in hypocaloric diets is independent of macronutrient composition, is widely held in the popular and technical literature, and is frequently justified by appeal to the laws of thermodynamics. We review here some aspects of thermodynamics that bear on weight loss and the effect of […]

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Meal Frequency and Energy Balance

Several epidemiological studies have observed an inverse relationship between people’s habitual frequency of eating and body weight, leading to the suggestion that a ‘nibbling’ meal pattern may help in the avoidance of obesity. Publimed: Meal frequency and energy balance. A review of all pertinent studies shows that, although many fail to find any significant relationship, […]

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Increased Meal Frequency and Weight Loss

There have been reports of an inverse relationship between meal frequency (MF) and adiposity. It has been postulated that this may be explained by favourable effects of increased MF on appetite control and possibly on gut peptides as well. Publimed: Increased meal frequency does not promote greater weight loss in subjects who were prescribed an […]

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Diet On Glycemic Control In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a diet lower in carbohydrate would lead to greater improvement in glycemic control over a 24-week period in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes […]

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Metabolic Effects of Dietary Fructose

The effects of dietary sugar on risk factors and the processes associated with metabolic disease remain a controversial topic, with recent reviews of the available evidence arriving at widely discrepant conclusions. Publimed: Adverse metabolic effects of dietary fructose: results from the recent epidemiological, clinical, and mechanistic studies. There are many recently published epidemiological studies that […]

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Fructose and Visceral Adiposity

Studies in animals have documented that, compared with glucose, dietary fructose induces dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. To assess the relative effects of these dietary sugars during sustained consumption in humans, overweight and obese subjects consumed glucose- or fructose-sweetened beverages providing 25% of energy requirements for 10 weeks. PMC: Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral […]

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Beneficial Macrophage Functions in Atherosclerosis and Obesity-Induced Insulin Resistance

The discovery that obesity promotes macrophage accumulation in visceral fat led to the emergence of a new field of inquiry termed “immunometabolism”. This broad field of study was founded on the premise that inflammation and the corresponding increase in macrophage number and activity was a pathologic feature of metabolic diseases. There is abundant data in […]

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