Effects of Sugar on Blood Pressure and Lipids

Sugar has been suggested as a central risk factor in the development of noncommunicable diseases. We assessed the evidence of the effects of free sugars compared with complex carbohydrates on selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. DWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials to compare diets that provide a given amount of energy […]

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Emerging cancer trends among young adults in the USA

Cancer trends in young adults, often under 50 years, reflect recent changes in carcinogenic exposures, which could foreshadow the future overall disease burden. Previous studies reported an increase in early onset colorectal cancer, which could partly reflect the obesity epidemic. We examined age-specific contemporary incidence trends in the USA for 30 common cancers, including 12 […]

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A Ketogenic Diet Reduces Central Obesity and Serum Insulin in Women with Ovarian or Endometrial Cancer

The glycolytic nature of cancer cells presents a potential treatment target that may be addressed by a ketogenic diet (KD). We hypothesized that a KD would improve body composition and lower serum insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in women with ovarian or endometrial cancer. In this randomized controlled trial, women with ovarian or endometrial cancer [age: […]

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Average 10-year-old has eaten 18 years’ worth of sugar

The average 10-year-old has consumed as much sugar in their lifetime as the recommended limit for an 18-year-old, according to Public Health England (PHE), which is warning of serious implications for obesity and health. Children are consuming the equivalent of eight excess sugar cubes a day, or 2,800 a year, says PHE, which has launched a new […]

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Children eat three times as much sugar as they should

The average child has eaten their entire childhood sugar allowance by the age of ten, according to health chiefs. Figures published today by Public Health England (PHE) estimate that young children are eating almost three times as much sugar as they should, the equivalent of about eight cubes too many a day. Parents have been […]

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Effects of A Low Carbohydrate Diet on Energy Expenditure During Weight Loss Maintenance

The objective of the study was to determine the effects of diets varying in carbohydrate to fat ratio on total energy expenditure, and it was a multicenter collaboration at US two sites, from August 2014 to May 2017, and involved 164 adults aged 18-65 years with a body mass index of 25 or more. After […]

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The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model of Obesity

Despite intensive research, the causes of the obesity epidemic remain incompletely understood and conventional calorie-restricted diets continue to lack long-term efficacy. According to the carbohydrate-insulin model (CIM) of obesity, recent increases in the consumption of processed, high-glycemic-load carbohydrates produce hormonal changes that promote calorie deposition in adipose tissue, exacerbate hunger, and lower energy expenditure. Basic […]

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