NCD Countdown 2030: Worldwide Trends in Non-Communicable Disease Mortality

The third UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) on Sept 27, 2018, will review national and global progress towards the prevention and control of NCDs, and provide an opportunity to renew, reinforce, and enhance commitments to reduce their burden. NCD Countdown 2030 is an independent collaboration to inform policies that aim to reduce the […]

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Diabetes in Top 10 Leading Causes of Death

In 2015, the 10 leading causes of death were heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases, unintentional injuries, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, kidney disease, and suicide. These 10 causes of death accounted for 74% of the 2.7 million deaths in 2015. In both 1988–1994 and 2011–2014, the prevalence of diabetes was higher among non-Hispanic black and […]

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Ketogenic Diet Shows Promising Results for All Dementia Stages

Studies show a ketogenic diet can slow and even reverse symptoms of memory loss and cognitive impairment throughout all the dementia stages. You might be asking, “What is a ketogenic diet?” A ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that produces ketones—compounds the body can use to produce energy. Ketones have been shown in studies […]

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Coffee, Caffeine, and Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review

To evaluate the associations between coffee and caffeine consumption and various health outcomes, we performed an umbrella review of the evidence from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Of the 59 unique outcomes examined in the selected 112 meta-analyses of observational studies, coffee was associated with a probable decreased risk of breast, […]

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Prevalence of Optimal Metabolic Health in American Adults

Several guidelines for cardiometabolic risk factor identification and management have been released in recent years, but there are no estimates of current prevalence of metabolic health among adults in the United States. We estimated the proportion of American adults with optimal cardiometabolic health, using different guidelines. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey […]

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Genetic Susceptibility for Childhood BMI has no Impact on Weight Loss Following Lifestyle Intervention

This study aimed to investigate the effect of a genetic risk score (GRS) comprising 15 single‐nucleotide polymorphisms, previously shown to associate with childhood BMI, on the baseline cardiometabolic traits and the response to a lifestyle intervention in Danish children and adolescents. Methods Children and adolescents with overweight or obesity (n = 920) and a population‐based control sample […]

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Estimation of Global Insulin Use for Type 2 Diabetes, 2018–30

The amount of insulin needed to effectively treat type 2 diabetes worldwide is unknown. It also remains unclear how alternative treatment algorithms would affect insulin use and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) averted by insulin use, given that current access to insulin (availability and affordability) in many areas is low. The aim of this study was to […]

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Association Between Obesity and Cardiovascular Outcomes

Do mendelian randomization data show that an association exists between obesity and cardiovascular outcomes? In this systematic review and meta-analysis of nearly 1 million participants, obesity was associated with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease but not with stroke. Obesity may increase the risk of subsequent diabetes and may contribute to cardiovascular outcomes and […]

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Taking Steps to Better Health

Besides cardiovascular health, the established physical benefits of walking at a moderate pace (about three miles per hour) include: Lessened cancer risk Reduced mental decline, including dementia Lowered chance of heart disease Improved joint function Stronger bones Reduced risk for diabetes Energy boost The benefits of walking extend to mental perks as well. Walking increases the release of […]

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Sitting Is The New Smoking

An alien visitor to our planet would be perplexed by modern human life, not least our relationship with physical exertion. After 6 million years of hunter-gatherer existence, humans can be observed sheltering in warm rooms, counteracting the tiresome effects of earth’s gravity by slouching on comfortable seats in front of glowing screens, being whisked effortlessly […]

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