Should dietary fat guidelines have been introduced?

Zoë Harcombe was the first pupil from her school to graduate from Cambridge University. While studying maths and economics at this historic institution, Zoë set out to answer the million dollar question – “Why do you overeat? When all you want is to be slim?” This became the title of Zoë’s first book – published […]

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Effects of Sugar on Blood Pressure and Lipids

Sugar has been suggested as a central risk factor in the development of noncommunicable diseases. We assessed the evidence of the effects of free sugars compared with complex carbohydrates on selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. DWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials to compare diets that provide a given amount of energy […]

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Two Type 2 Diabetes Drugs Linked to Higher Risk of Heart Disease

Are second-line antidiabetic medications (ADMs) associated with cardiovascular events among insured adult patients with type 2 diabetes who are initiating second-line therapy? This cohort study of 132 737 adults with type 2 diabetes found that glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors, and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors were associated with similar cardiovascular outcomes. Sulfonylureas […]

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Deaths Attributable to Diabetes in the United States: Comparison of Data Sources and Estimation Approaches

We estimated population attributable fractions (PAF) for cohorts aged 30–84 who were surveyed in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) between 1997 and 2009 (N = 282,322) and in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2010 (N = 21,814). Cohort members were followed prospectively for mortality through 2011. We identified […]

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Dietary carbohydrates: role of quality and quantity in chronic disease

Carbohydrate is the only macronutrient with no established minimum requirement. Although many populations have thrived with carbohydrate as their main source of energy, others have done so with few if any carbohydrate containing foods throughout much of the year (eg, traditional diets of the Inuit, Laplanders, and some Native Americans). If carbohydrate is not necessary […]

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Two Type 2 diabetes drugs linked to higher risk of heart disease

Are second-line antidiabetic medications (ADMs) associated with cardiovascular events among insured adult patients with type 2 diabetes who are initiating second-line therapy? This cohort study of 132 737 adults with type 2 diabetes found that glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors, and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors were associated with similar cardiovascular outcomes. Sulfonylureas […]

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High Carbohydrate Foods Can Raise Risk For Heart Problems

“Looking inside” the arteries of students eating a variety of foods, Dr. Michael Shechter of Tel Aviv University’s Sackler School of Medicine and the Heart Institute of Sheba Medical Center — with collaboration of the Endocrinology Institute — visualized exactly what happens inside the body when the wrong foods for a healthy heart are eaten. […]

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Health Effects of Oxidized Heated Oils

The purpose of this report is to alert the foodservice industry, particularly the fast‐food industry, of an emerging health issue. Considerable evidence has accumulated over the past two decades that heated cooking oils, especially polyunsaturated oils, may pose several types of health risks to consumers of fried foods and even people working near deep fat […]

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Evidence Behind the Advice About Salt

Low-sodium diets are widely recommended for people who have a variety of ailments, but there’s little proof they help those with heart failure. Despite a number of studies questioning the usefulness of very low-salt diets in the last few years, most major medical organizations continue to recommend them. We would assume that they do so from a strong base of evidence. […]

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