Diabetes, Adult Neurogenesis and Brain Remodeling

The prevalence of diabetes rapidly increased during the last decades in association with important changes in lifestyle. Diabetes and hyperglycemia are well-known for inducing deleterious effects on physiologic processes, increasing for instance cardiovascular diseases, nephropathy, retinopathy and foot ulceration. Interestingly, diabetes also impairs brain morphology and functions such as  decreased neurogenesis (proliferation, differentiation and cell […]

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Secrets to Alzheimer’s, ALS and Parkinson’s Disease

Paul Alan Cox is a Harvard Ph.D. who has searched for new medicines from plants used by traditional healers in the Pacific and Southeast Asia. For these efforts TIME magazine named him one of 11 “Heroes of Medicine.” His efforts in preserving island rain forests were recognized with the Goldman Environmental Prize.

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Can Ketones Compensate for Deteriorating Brain Glucose Uptake During Aging? Implications for the Risk and Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease

Brain glucose uptake is impaired in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). A key question is whether cognitive decline can be delayed if this brain energy defect is at least partly corrected or bypassed early in the disease. The principal ketones (also called ketone bodies), β-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, are the brain’s main physiological alternative fuel to glucose. Three […]

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Exercise Delivers Brain Benefits

Aerobic exercise improved executive function in healthy adults who had below-average fitness levels, found a study in Neurology. The 132 sedentary participants, ages 20 to 67 years, were randomly assigned to 6 months of either aerobic exercise (up to 75% of maximum heart rate) or stretching and toning 4 times a week. At the 24-week follow-up, executive function […]

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Reduced Risk of Dementia in Elderly Tied to Higher Cholesterol Levels

Total cholesterol and cognition associations differ in studies at different outcome ages. Some associations of cholesterol with cognition diminish as outcome age increases. In the oldest-old, some relationships reverse from younger elderly samples. Studies seeking protection should focus on good cognition despite high risk. Some associations of high total cholesterol with dementia risk diminish as […]

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Canola Oil Linked to Worsened Memory and Learning Ability

In recent years consumption of canola oil has increased due to lower cost compared with olive oil and the perception that it shares its health benefits. However, no data are available on the effect of canola oil intake on Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. Herein, we investigated the effect of chronic daily consumption of canola oil […]

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How Does the Ketogenic Diet Work?

The ketogenic diet and its newer variants are clinically useful in treating epilepsy. They can also have antiepileptogenic properties and can eventually have a role in treating other neurologic and nonneurologic conditions. Despite being nearly a century old, identifying the molecular underpinnings of the ketogenic diet has been challenging. However, recent studies provide experimental evidence […]

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The brain-changing benefits of exercise

What’s the most transformative thing that you can do for your brain today? Exercise! says neuroscientist Wendy Suzuki. Get inspired to go to the gym as Suzuki discusses the science of how working out boosts your mood and memory — and protects your brain against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.

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Midlife Hypertension and 20-Year Cognitive Change

Hypertension is a treatable potential cause of cognitive decline and dementia, but its greatest influence on cognition may occur in middle age. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between midlife (48-67 years of age) hypertension and the 20-year change in cognitive performance. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort (1990-1992 through 2011-2013) […]

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Association Between Ultraprocessed Food Consumption and Risk of Mortality

Question  Is high consumption of ultraprocessed food associated with an increase in overall mortality risk? Findings  In this cohort study of 44 551 French adults 45 years or older, a 10% increase in the proportion of ultraprocessed food consumption was statistically significantly associated with a 14% higher risk of all-cause mortality. Meaning  An increase in ultraprocessed food consumption may […]

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