Saturated Fat, Carbohydrate, and Cardiovascular Disease

A focus of dietary recommendations for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and treatment has been a reduction in saturated fat intake, primarily as a means of lowering LDL-cholesterol concentrations. However, the evidence that supports a reduction in saturated fat intake must be evaluated in the context of replacement by other macronutrients. Clinical trials that replaced saturated […]

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KetoNutrition: From Science to Application

An impressive body of scientific evidence over the last 15 years documents long term benefits of carbohydrate-restricted, especially ketogenic, diets. We now understand molecular mechanisms and why they work. Popular books and articles now challenge the advice ‘carbohydrates are good and fats are bad.’ Circa mid-19th century urinary ketones were identified in diabetics sealing their […]

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Association Between Ultraprocessed Food Consumption and Risk of Mortality

Question  Is high consumption of ultraprocessed food associated with an increase in overall mortality risk? Findings  In this cohort study of 44 551 French adults 45 years or older, a 10% increase in the proportion of ultraprocessed food consumption was statistically significantly associated with a 14% higher risk of all-cause mortality. Meaning  An increase in ultraprocessed food consumption may […]

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Dietary carbohydrates: role of quality and quantity in chronic disease

Carbohydrate is the only macronutrient with no established minimum requirement. Although many populations have thrived with carbohydrate as their main source of energy, others have done so with few if any carbohydrate containing foods throughout much of the year (eg, traditional diets of the Inuit, Laplanders, and some Native Americans). If carbohydrate is not necessary […]

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High Carbohydrate Foods Can Raise Risk For Heart Problems

“Looking inside” the arteries of students eating a variety of foods, Dr. Michael Shechter of Tel Aviv University’s Sackler School of Medicine and the Heart Institute of Sheba Medical Center — with collaboration of the Endocrinology Institute — visualized exactly what happens inside the body when the wrong foods for a healthy heart are eaten. […]

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Evidence Behind the Advice About Salt

Low-sodium diets are widely recommended for people who have a variety of ailments, but there’s little proof they help those with heart failure. Despite a number of studies questioning the usefulness of very low-salt diets in the last few years, most major medical organizations continue to recommend them. We would assume that they do so from a strong base of evidence. […]

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Coffee, Caffeine, and Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review

To evaluate the associations between coffee and caffeine consumption and various health outcomes, we performed an umbrella review of the evidence from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Of the 59 unique outcomes examined in the selected 112 meta-analyses of observational studies, coffee was associated with a probable decreased risk of breast, […]

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Taking Steps to Better Health

Besides cardiovascular health, the established physical benefits of walking at a moderate pace (about three miles per hour) include: Lessened cancer risk Reduced mental decline, including dementia Lowered chance of heart disease Improved joint function Stronger bones Reduced risk for diabetes Energy boost The benefits of walking extend to mental perks as well. Walking increases the release of […]

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